CJ354 Endicott College
JUSTICE IN CONTEXT
Sept 8: Introduction
Tolbert, David. “A Wrong Turn for Human Rights.” Project Syndicate. Sept 3, 2014. https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/david-tolbert-warns-that-the-gains-made-since-the-end-of-the-cold-war-are-at-risk
Roht-Arriaza, Naomi. “The new landscape of transitional justice” in Transitional Justice in the Twenty-First Century: Beyond Truth versus Justice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. 1-13.
Sept 13, 15: Atrocity Crimes, Law, and Justice
Fein, Helen. “A Sociological Definition (of Genocide)”, David Scheffer. “Atrocity Crimes” and Benjamin Valentino. “The Strategic Logic of Mass Killing” in Genocide: A Reader. Jens Meierhenrich (ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014: 73-75; 88-9; 163-166.
United Nations Security Council. Report of the Secretary-General: The Rule of Law and Transitional Justice in Post-Conflict Societies. United Nations S/2004/616, 23 August, 2004: Sections I-IV (para 1-10) http://www.ipu.org/splz-e/unga07/law.pdf
Sikkink, Kathryn. “Introduction” in The Justice Cascade: How Human Rights Prosecutions Are Changing World Politics. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. (2011): 1-20 only.
Sept 20: Understanding Victims and Perpetrators
Milgram, Stanley. “Obedience to Authority: 153-155; Staub, Ervin. “Difficult Life Conditions”: 155-157; Waller, James. “Becoming Evil”: 157-159; Kuhne, Thomas. “Belonging and Genocide: Hitler’s Community”; 217-219; Straus, Scott. “Who Were the Genocidaires of Rwanda?”: 239-242 in Genocide: A Reader, Jens Meierhenrich (ed). Oxford University Press, 2014
McEvoy, Kieran and Kirsten McConnachie. “Victimology in Transitional Justice: Victimhood, Innocence, and Hierarchy” in European Journal of Criminology, Vol. 9 No. 5 (Sept 2014): 327-338.
INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Sept 22, 27, 29, Oct 4: International Tribunals (Ad Hocs and Hybrids)
Sikkink, Kathryn. “The Streams of the Justice Cascade” in The Justice Cascade: How Human Rights Prosecutions Are Changing World Politics. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. (2011): 96-125.
Peskin, Victor. “Beyond Victor’s Justice: The Challenge of Prosecuting the Winners at the International Criminal Tribunals for the Former Yugoslavia and Rwanda” in Journal of Human Rights 4 (2005): 213-31.
Horovitz, Sigall. “Transitional criminal justice in Sierra Leone” in Naomi Roht-Arriaza and Javier Mariezcurrena (eds). Transitional Justice in the Twenty-First Century: Beyond Truth versus Justice. Cambridge: Cambrdige University Press, 2006: 43-62.
ICTJ. “After Guilty Verdicts in Khmer Rouge Tribunal, Broader Struggle for Accountability Continues in Cambodia.” The International Center for Transitional Justice. Aug 21, 2014. https://www.ictj.org/news/verdict-khmer-rouge-tribunal-struggle-accountability-cambodia
Oct 6, Oct 11, 13, 18, 20: The International Criminal Court
Schiff, Benjamin N. “The Statute – Justice versus Sovereignty” in Building the International Criminal Court. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008: 68-92.
Mills, Kurt. “’Bashir is Dividing Us’: Africa and the International Criminal Court in Human Rights Quarterly Vol. 34, No. 2 (2012): 404-447.
Tiemessen, Alana. “Lawfare and the International Criminal Court’s Judicial Interventions” in International Relations, Sept 2, 2015.
Oct 25: Mid Term Exam
No Class Oct 27: No Class – Professor is out of town
Nov 1, 3: Peace versus Justice
Kersten, Mark. Justice in Conflict: The Effects of the International Criminal Court’s Interventions on Ending Wars and Building Peace. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. Ch 2: 19-36
Vinjamuri, Leslie. “Deterrence, Democracy, and the Pursuit of International Justice.” in Ethics and International Affairs 24:2 (2010): 191-211.
Syria Justice and Accountability Center. “The Question of Amnesty: Balancing Truth and Justice” Aug 12, 2015. https://syriaaccountability.org/updates/2015/08/12/the-question-of-amnesty-balancing-truth-and-justice/
Dilawri, Shikha and Mark Lattimer. “Justice and Accountability in Syria: The Limited Options at Hand.” Justice in Conflict blog. June 18, 2015. https://justiceinconflict.org/2015/06/08/justice-and-accountability-in-syria-the-limited-options-at-hand/
Nov 8, 10: Major Powers’ Crimes
Sikkink, Kathryn. “Is the United States Immune to the Justice Cascade?” in The Justice Cascade: How Human Rights Prosecutions Are Changing World Politics. New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc. (2011): 189-222.
Bosco, David. Rough Justice: The International Criminal Court in a World of Power Politics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014: (Ch 1)11-22.
Nov 15: Corporate Crimes
Stewart, James G. “Corporate Impunity: A Startling Ethical Anomaly.” The International Center for Transitional Justice. March 4, 2015. https://www.ictj.org/debate/article/corporate-impunity-startling-ethical-anomaly (4)
Ferencz, Benjamin B. “An International Jurisdiction For Corporate Atrocities: Observations of a former Nuremberg War Crimes Prosecutor.”http://www.harvardilj.org/online-symposium-an-international-jurisdiction-for-corporate-atrocity-crimes/ (5)
Pak, Natalya S. and James P. Nussbaumer. Beyond Impunity: Strengthening the Legal Accountability of Transnational Corporations for Human Rights Abuses. Berlin: European Centre for Constitutional and Human Rights, 2009: 1-8. http://edoc.vifapol.de/opus/volltexte/2013/4259/pdf/45.pdf
Graff, Julia. “Corporate War Criminals and the International Criminal Court: Blood and Profits in the Democratic Republic of Congo.” Human Rights Brief 11, No 2 (2004): 23-26
ALTERNATIVES TO CRIMINAL JUSTICE
Nov 17, 29, Dec 1: Truth Commissions
Nov 22, 24: No Class – Thanksgiving Recess
Olsen, Tricia D., Leigh A. Payne, Andrew G. Reiter & Eric Wiebelhaus-Brahm. “When Truth Commissions Improve Human Rights” in The International Journal of Transitional Justice 4 (2010): 457-476.
Hayner, Priscilla B. “Five Illustrative Truth Commissions” in Unspeakable Truths: Facing the Challenge of Truth Commissions. New York: Routledge, 2011: 32-49.
Leebaw, Bronwyn. “A Different Kind of Justice: South Africa’s Alternative to Legalism” in Judging State-Sponsored Violence, Imagining Political Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011: 58-90.
Dec 6, 8, 13: Grassroots “Traditional” Justice
Huyse, Luc. “Introduction: Tradition Based Approaches peacemaking, transitional justice policies and reconciliation” in Luc Huyse and Mark Salter, eds., Traditional Justice and Reconciliation after Violent Conflict: Learning from African Experiences. Stockholm: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance: 1-20.
Waldorf, Lars. “ ‘Like Jews Waiting for Jesus’: Posthumous Justice in Post-Genocide Rwanda” in Localizing Transitional Justice: Interventions and Priorities After Mass Violence. Rosalind Shaw and Lars Waldorf (ed). Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2010: 183-202.
Glennerster, Rachel. “It’s been 25 years since Sierra Leone’s brutal civil war. Here’s what we know about helping communities recover.” The Monkey Cage blog, Washington Post. May 13, 2016. https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/monkey-cage/wp/2016/05/13/its-been-25-years-since-sierra-leones-brutal-civil-war-heres-what-we-know-about-helping-communities-recover/
Dec 15: Final Exam