International Justice

CJ354 Endicott College

‘Framework’ Reached in Iran Nuclear Talks

Key parameters for a nuclear deal with Iran have been reached this afternoon between the United States, Iran, and five other world powers. Iran has agreed to reduce 75% of its uranium enrichment infrastructure, while also reducing its stockpile of enriched uranium from 8 tons to 300kg, a substantial cut to their nuclear program. Iran has also agreed to convert its Fordow facility, so that it can no longer enrich uranium. Once reached, EU and US economic sanctions on Iran would be lifted.

The IAEA will have regular access to all of Iran’s nuclear facilities, including to Iran’s enrichment facility at Natanz and its former enrichment facility at Fordow. The deal has not be signed yet; however, negotiators will be working through the end of June to implement the deal. The deal will not go through if Iran refuses implementation as the deal framework outlines.

President Obama, speaking in the Rose Garden after the agreement was reached, stated that he was convinced that “it will make our country, our allies, and our world safer.”

Obama described the deal as “the best possible defense against Iran’s ability to pursue a nuclear weapon covertly.”

“If Iran cheats, the world will know it. If we see something suspicious, we will inspect it,” Obama said. “With this deal, Iran will face more inspections than any other country in the world. So, this will be a longterm deal that addresses each path to a potential Iran nuclear bomb.”


5 responses to “‘Framework’ Reached in Iran Nuclear Talks

  1. leckstei24 April 4, 2015 at 5:15 pm

    Although the White House has formally established the framework to a nuclear deal with Iran, there is still much to be done–especially with regards to Congress–before the United States and the rest of the world will be witnessing change. Countless White House staff have been consulting with Congress members in order to clarify all the aspects of the deal and ensure that Congress is properly informed on all the aspects of the deal. Furthermore, in order to address one area of conflict that has arisen between the United States and Israel because of the nuclear deal, a national security advisor, Colin Kahl, held a conference call with many different American Jewish leaders on Thursday and he believes that this discussion has worked towards quelling much of the upset over the deal. Although the nuclear deal will not begin lifting economic sanctions until it has been approved by Congress and until much progress has been noted from Iran, there are still alternate bills proposed in Congress that call for increasing the numbers of economic sanctions. The White House has acknowledged that ultimately, it is the decision and voting of Congress that will directly affect the lifting or continuing of economic sanctions but the President and countless aides are continuing to work to convince Congress of the importance of moving forward with the Iranian nuclear deal. It will certainly be interesting to see what Congress decides and how their decisions will subsequently affect the USA and all other countries involved.

  2. ckeefe2016 April 4, 2015 at 6:28 pm

    Following agreements on several important aspects of a nuclear deal between U.S. and Iran, there have been several positives taken from the progressive compromises. President Obama, who is a strong proponent of the deal, describes it as “the best possible defense against Iran’s ability to pursuit a nuclear weapon covertly” and says that “If Iran cheats, the world will know it”. On the other side of the deal, President Rouhani of Iran promises that Iran will stay true to its word and thinks that the world now understands that Iran is “pursuing peaceful objectives”.

    One who isn’t taking this news very lightly is Prime Minister Netanyahu of Israel. True to the belief that an Iranian nuclear program poses a “grave danger”, Netanyahu lobbied hard for a deal that “dismantled and disassembles Iran’s nuclear infrastructure, rather than limiting its usage or repurposing Iran’s facilities”. Ultimately, Netanyahu is adamant that Israel will survive as a country in the Middle East and refuses to support any deal that allows a political enemy who “vows to destroy Israel” to develop nuclear weapons. In an attempt to reassure Prime Minister Netanyahu and the Israeli population, President Obama has stated that he remains committed to supporting Israel’s security. Despite these statements of support, Netanyahu still isn’t convinced that Israel is safe from Iran, as this deal “legitimizes Iran’s nuclear program, bolsters its economy, and increase Iran’s aggression and terror throught the Middle East and beyond”. It will be interesting to see how Prime Minister Netanyahu will continue to react to news of the deal, as well as if Iran will keep their word in the future.

  3. ncullen27 April 6, 2015 at 7:27 pm

    What do these deals mean for the civilians on the ground? The Iranian reaction is certainly a hopeful one. Facebook posts show that many Iranian people feel that this deal will quell misconceptions about them and open up new and stronger relations internationally. While Netanyahu’s disappointed and cautionary reaction has been all over the news, many Israeli commentators said that the deal looks “better than expected”. When asked, the people in Israel are more concerned about their current economic situation than they are about the nuclear situation with Iran.
    Unfortunately, Netanyahu tied his election (despite his claims of attempting not to) to the nuclear deal with Iran. He must retain a hardline public opinion, or risk losing face. If this deal does manage to make it through Congress he also risks looking marginalized. The only way to successfully quell disagreements is to offer Netanyahu a face-saving option. Whether Obama will do this or not remains to be seen. If he does not, tensions between the allied states of Israel and the US will likely continue with no end in sight.

  4. mjacobson565 April 9, 2015 at 8:30 pm

    Iran’s Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, on Iran’s day for nuclear technology, spoke for the first time publicly on the agreement reached on the country’s nuclear program, claiming that there was no guarantee that a final deal will be agreed to.

    “Our officials say that nothing is done yet and there’s still nothing binding between the two sides. I’m neither for nor against it,” said the ayatollah. “It’s all about the details that they are yet to negotiate. The other side may want to stab us in the back over the details; it is too early for congratulations.”

    Khamenei, along with Iran’s President Hassan Rouhani, have demanded the immediate lifting of economic sanctions when the nuclear negotiations are are concluded and a deal had been reached.

    This backlash on the potential deal has arisen in part from the US factsheet on the tentative agreement, which differed from the Iranian released interpretation of the deal.

    It appears that the Iranians will not back down on this issue, with Khamenei stating that, “I will welcome a deal that preserves the honor of the Iranian people and we always say that no deal is better than a bad deal.”

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