International Justice

CJ354 Endicott College

Transitional Justice in Nepal


On Tuesday, Nepal created two Commissions to investigate alleged human right abuses and disappearances during the country’s decade long civil war.

A Truth and Reconciliation Commission, modeled after the South African Truth Commission set up after the apartheid, will look into potential human right abuses committed during the conflict, while the Commission on Enforced Disappearances will investigate the disappearances of 1300 people still missing 8 years after the conflict has ended.

The Nepali state and Maoist rebel groups have been accused of potential war crimes, including forced disappearances, unlawful killings, and sexual violence during the conflict that ended with a peace agreement in 2006. While both sides had agreed to look into potential abuses 6 months after the signing of the peace agreement, the Nepali government has failed to act, fearing harm to reconciliation in the country.

Despite the steps taken in recent days, victims have not been optimistic that the Commissions will be able to bring just for those effected, with some claiming that the Commissions will let perpetrators off the hook for their actions with “ambiguous wording”.


One response to “Transitional Justice in Nepal

  1. CRuj February 15, 2015 at 9:15 pm

    The treatment of human rights issues in Nepal has been a controversial topic after the aftermath of the civil war. The war left more than 13,000 dead. Nepal is looking into the crimes committed during the nation’s 10-year civil war just two weeks after the Human Rights Watch “expressed its concern regarding the government’s delay in the formation of the long-desired commissions.” The two commissions will serve the purpose of investigating alleged human right abuses and disappearances. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission will look into the abuses committed during this time period. The Commission on Enforced Disappearances will investigate the disappearances of people still missing after the conflict had ended. The commissions will operate on a two-year tenure.

    The development of Commissions has been long awaited from the nation and victims. There have been requests for war crime amnesty, which are ongoing and controversial. For example last year, lawmakers granted amnesty to former Maoist rebels and security forces accused of committing various war crimes. The bill addressed the alleged commission of war crimes, which created the two Commissions, but neither had actually created until now.


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