International Justice

CJ354 Endicott College

Transitional Justice Cann’t happen without The Rule Of Law

Two months after the fall of President Hosni Mubarak, many women activist who were detained in military detention camps have to submit to a five-minute-long so-called virginity test by a male doctor. The practice drew an outcry after Ms Ibrahim and other women spoke out about their treatment following their arrest during a protest in Tahrir Square in March 2011 – weeks after the fall of President Hosni Mubarak.
They said they had been forced by the Egyptian army, while in detention, to submit to a five-minute-long so-called virginity test by a male doctor.
The army initially denied such tests had taken place, but Amnesty International reported that a senior general, speaking anonymously, later admitted that they had happened.
Ms Ibrahim and other activists launched a legal challenge to prevent such tests happening again, and Cairo’s administrative court eventually ruled that the tests were illegal.
Afew months later, A military court in Egypt has acquitted an army doctor accused of carrying out forced “virginity tests” on women protesters.
Such actions done by the military soldier’s raises a sign that the Rule Of Law sentiment as a cornerstone of transitional justice in new Egypt will be difficult to achieve. While the Rule of law is a principle of governance in which all persons, institutions and entities, public and private, including the State itself, are accountable to laws that are publicly promulgated, equally enforced and independently adjudicated, and which are consistent with international human rights norms and standards. We can clearly see in the virginity check a violation for human rights. The absence of independent judiciary could lead to more violence against women activism and this in all cases will hindered Egypt’s Transitional Justice process.


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